Portulaca oleracea is commonly common purslane, little hogweed, or parsley. It’s a yearly tropical plant in the family Portulacaceae, which can get tall upto a height of 40 cm. It is eaten as one of the nutritious herbs through big time. It is one of the weedy plants which has extensive distribution. This is mainly native to North America, the Middle East, and the Indian subcontinent. It is also one of the oldest plants growing for more than 4000 years for food and medicinal purposes. It can also be cultivated along roadsides or waste places.
Common purslane has smooth and reddish stems and leaves, which collect at ends. The flowers are about 6mm wide, yellow in color, and have five continuous parts. The flowers population increases with the falling rainfall. The small seeds look to form in a pod that finally opens after the seeds mature. They have conical roots with fibrous secondary roots that tolerate the worst quality soil with less water content, similar to drought.
It can be used as a purgative, emollient, muscle relaxant, cardiac tonic, and anti-inflammatory treatment, making it famous in herbal medicine. It is also used in the treatment of osteoporosis and psoriasis. It also has antioxidant properties.
Many studies have found dosage guidelines for different treatments and use such as 180mg/day should be taken by diabetic patients. Many ethanols and aqueous purslane extract are also widely used. Studies have found that approximately 100 grams of refreshed purslane leaves give 300-400 mg of alpha-linolenic acid.
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It helps in many of the treatments. If you find anyone health problem to resolve by the natural product, you can buy common purslane after consulting with a doctor.